Infographic: How is the Sakharov Prize winner chosen?

In September each year MEPs can nominate candidates for the Sakharov Prize. Each nominee must have the support of at least 40 MEPs, and each individual Member may support only one nominee. Signed nominations accompanied by supporting evidence are then assessed in a joint meeting of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET), the Subcommittee on Human Rights (DROI) and the Committee on Development (DEVE). A shortlist of three candidates is drawn up through a vote by AFET and DEVE committees, and then submitted to the Conference of Presidents for a final vote. The winner is usually announced in October, and the award ceremony takes place in December at plenary sitting in Strasbourg.

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Why is the prize called the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought?

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